Although they are less and less, there are still those who prefer to have their ears and tail cut off for aesthetic reasons.
It is clear that about tastes there is nothing written, but it must not be forgotten that a dog is not a garment, it is a living being, with which it is necessary to consider the inconveniences that this practice supposes for the welfare of the animal and the risks that can lead to your health, in addition to the legal consequences that can bring.
#1 Because it is unnecessary
We must emphasize that we are not referring to amputations that must be performed for medical reasons, such as, for example, tumors in these areas. In this case, the need to perform these interventions should be determined by a veterinarian.
In this article we refer to cutting the ears and the tail of dogs solely for aesthetic reasons, and, obviously, this is not necessary for life, nor for health, nor for the welfare of the animal.
In many cases the owners prefer their dogs with their tails and ears cut off because they have become accustomed to seeing specimens of certain breeds, in fact, even today it is “strange” to many to see a Doberman with drooping ears and the long tail.
Others like it better because they appear to be “more dangerous”, because they remind fight dogs, since the fighting dogs used to cut their ears and their tails so that they could not be easily caught by the jaws of their opponent.
In any case, dog fights, besides being somewhat cruel, are illegal in most civilized countries.
Although it has been commented from some quarters that for some hunting dogs the amputation of the tail is beneficial for their work and health, because it would facilitate their entry into burrows and prevent them from becoming entangled in brambles, this is a moot argument.
In addition, the majority of dogs that are usually seen with the cut tail belong to breeds that are not used for hunting, such as Boxers, the American Staffordshire Terrier or Doberman, with what this claim seems, at least in these cases, lacking foundation.
#2 Because it is painful
Some people say that if you cut the tail of the dog at a very early age, that is, of newborns, the animals show no pain, this is not true at all.
In the case of the cut of ears, which is usually done in larger animals in which there is no doubt about their ability to feel pain, it should not be forgotten that, although anesthesia and analgesics are used, the suppression of pain that is achieved in the operation, and above all, in the post-operative period it is not absolute, far from it.
#3 Because it is dangerous
Like any surgical intervention in which anesthesia is used, there are certain risks associated with it, which can even result in the death of the animal. Although this is rare, it is not impossible at all to occur, so it does not seem very positive to carry out these operations when the only purpose is aesthetics.
In addition, whether or not anesthesia is used, there is a risk of wound infection, with consequences that may be more or less serious. On the other hand, it is not the only possible complication, since points can be skipped, so it is perhaps possible to have the animal sedated again to solve it, there may be errors that make the result undesirable with what should be intervene again, etc.
#4 Because it is illegal
In many countries mutilations whose only purpose is aesthetics are prohibited, which includes cutting dogs’ ears and tails. In Spain, until recently it was illegal in many autonomous communities (as, for example, the Valencian Community) but there were others in which no.
More recently, Congress has ratified the European Convention on the protection of companion animals, which prohibits this type of intervention, so that currently cutting ears and tail dogs for aesthetic purposes is illegal throughout Spain.
#5 Because it is uncomfortable
Although with the aforementioned it could be enough to make many people stop doing this type of operation, we must remember that, in the first place, it costs money, and, second, especially in the cut of ears and in the Tail cutting if done in adults, has associated a not insignificant time in taking the animal to the intervention, to remove the stitches, and to clean and heal the wounds …
Time that, on the other hand, could be used in something more positive like playing with the animal, or walking with it for example.
#6 Because it hurts your relationship with other dogs
The tail and the ears are a fundamental part of the canine language, therefore, cutting them can seriously damage the socialization and the relationship of a dog with other animals, and can cause misinterpretations that lead to aggressiveness.